In the situation of the COVID-19 pandemic, maternal and infant mortality rates have soared. The maternal mortality rate increased by 300 cases from 2019 to around 4,400 deaths in 2020 while infant mortality in 2019 by around 26,000 cases increased by almost 40 percent to 44,000 cases in 2020.
1. BASIC RIGHTS
- 3 out of 10 Indonesian toddlers are stunted and Indonesia is ranked 5th.
- In the situation of the COVID-19 pandemic, maternal and infant mortality rates have soared. The maternal mortality rate increased by 300 cases from 2019 to around 4,400 deaths in 2020 while infant mortality in 2019 by around 26,000 cases increased by almost 40 percent to 44,000 cases in 2020.
- Child Marriages in Indonesia which rose from 23,700 in 2019 to 34,000 in 2020.
- Data from the National Commission on Women, there were 338,496 cases of gender-based violence against women (2021). This number has increased by 50% compared to 2020. Cases of sexual violence are still relatively high. There are 11,952 cases of child violence recorded by the Online Information System for the Protection of Women and Children (Symphony 2021).
- The Ministry of Women's Empowerment and Child Protection (KPPPA) recorded an increase in human trafficking cases during the pandemic, from 213 cases (2019) to 400 cases (2020).
- Strengthen multi-stakeholder collaboration (Government, private/company, CSOs, College Campuses, Village Communities, Mass Media etc.) to contribute according to their expertise and capacity in solving problems maternal and newborn mortality, violence in schools and gender-based violence).
- Reproductive education and the risks of child marriage for young people
- Building awareness, concern and public support/donations to address the stunting problem
- Encouraging government policies and budgeting to address related inclusive basic services.
- Awareness And Prevention of Human Smuggling And Trafficking.
2. SUSTAINABLE LIVELYHOOD
So far, poverty is only seen as a socio-economic problem. In fact, the threat of climate change has a serious impact on poverty. According to FAO (2018), by 2030 it is predicted that climate change will increase the number of poor people by 100 million and increase food prices by 12 percent. thus, the issues of poverty, environment and climate change must be seen as inseparable. For this reason, the mainstreaming of sustainable development must be strengthened, so that development policies and environmental policies must be pro-poor and poverty reduction policies must be pro-environmental.
- Promote sustainable consumption and production patterns.
- Developing a conservation-based economy.
- Develop regenerative agriculture.
- Developing a community-based circular economy.
3. CLIMATE ACTION
The world is now 1.2C warmer than it was in the 19th century - and the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere has increased by 50%. Climate change is already affecting our lives and if left unchecked, humans and nature will experience catastrophic warming, severe droughts, greater sea level rise, and species extinction. Temperature rise must slow down if we are to avoid the worst consequences of climate change. Global warming needs to be kept at 1.5C by 2100.
An increase in air temperature causes more water to evaporate. This is where the potential for a water crisis will occur. The availability of water in Indonesia is decreasing from year to year. Of the six major islands in Indonesia, Java has the lowest water availability. By 2035, according to LIPI's prediction, the availability of water on the most populous island is estimated at 1,118 cubic meters per capita per year. Meanwhile, the minimum air supply standard is 2,000 cubic meters per capita per year. Whereas the population of Java Island is 56.10 percent or 151.59 million people with an area of 7 percent of the entire territory of Indonesia. Water quality is also expected to decline significantly.
Climate change has a greater impact on the poor and vulnerable groups such as women, children, toddlers, disabled etc). This is because their resources and adaptability are very limited. What is currently needed is the commitment of all parties, including the government, companies, households and individuals to start making changes by implementing a lifestyle approach, sustainable production and consumption patterns, divesting fossil resources and reducing greenhouse gas emissions policies.
- Conducting popular education and mobilizing young people to become actors of change and change lifestyles starting from themselves and the community.
- Developing multimedia materials and facilitating space for youth, students and university students for a more massive campaign.
- Advocating to governments, companies and communities to implement low carbon policies and programs.
- Advocating on water conservation to maintain the carrying capacity of the Java Island with the largest population in Indonesia.
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